You would be hard-pressed to find a company that doesn’t at least partially rely on computers, IT software, and the networks that connect them during their day-to-day tasks. Simply put, most businesses and organizations would crumble without functioning IT systems. So, what exactly is information technology?
The term IT is commonly used as a synonym for computers and their networks, but it also encompasses other information distribution technologies, like television and smartphones. Essentially, IT refers to anything related to computing technology.
Uses of Information Technology in business
Whether you work in a large or small business, Information Technology is going to play a large role in your day-to-day tasks. Businesses tend to use IT in three main ways: to support basic information processing tasks, to help with decision-making, and to support innovation.
For instance, when it comes to information processes, IT is used to streamline tasks from computing and printing payroll to creating presentations. IT also supports building websites for products and services.
When it comes to decision-making tasks, businesses should use IT to understand metrics like which customers have overdue accounts or when customers are showcasing shopping cart abandonment.
Uses of Information Technology in society
As a society, we have taken the steps to embrace IT more than ever before. We see it almost everywhere, but especially with online education, social networks, smartphones, job creation, agriculture, and entertainment.
One of the many segments that have changed within our society is the introduction of schools without boundaries. Thanks to IT, students can learn from anywhere there is an internet connection, no matter where they are and what their topic of interest is. The same can be said for those working remote for their place of work, as IT makes this easier than ever before.
Information Technology examples
Whether you find yourself in a conventional workplace or not, you are bound to encounter and useInformation Technology in varying aspects of your life. Some that you may encounter include:
- Telephone and radio equipment
- Performance management software for managing goal setting and performance review
- Software for word processing and spreadsheets
- Video conferencing equipment
- Personal computers
- Content management software for blogging and collaboration